In Danish: "The Enigmatic Son of
Pharaoh's Daughter" (Attentatet på Moses, Vol.2) / by Ove von Spaeth
pp. 239,soft cover,DKK: 248, - illstr., facsims.,
geographical and celestial maps, plans.
Includes bibliography and index.
Rambam, Journal of Jewish Culture and
Research, 14 December, 2001, 10th ed. (pp 93-95) - Literature Article:
A Modern Version of the Five Books of The Pentateuch
By JENS-ANDRÉ P. HERBENER,
M.A. in Comparative Religion and Semitic
Oriental and Judaist Department, The Royal National Library of Denmark
Did Moses, one of the absolute main characters in the Hebrew Bible ever exist?
Influential movements within modern branches of biblical research say no.
Having compared the Moses
narratives from the second to the fifth Books of the Pentateuch with
archaeological excavations in Palestine, nobody has been able to scent out one
single indisputable trace of the biblical titan. So it has been asserted. And
according to the sceptical-methodological motto, lack of proof means proof of
non-existence, and consequently that Moses is a mythical figure being staged
because of religion-political circumstances, probably invented by a Jewish
priesthood in the centuries prior to the beginning of our calendar. In other
words, the impulsive basis of the appearance of three world religions, i.e.
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, has eventually created - well, a figment of
According to Ove von
Spaeth (OvS), the Danish Researcher, Moses has actually existed. Moses was not a
Hebrew, but an Egyptian. He was the son of the daughter of Pharaoh, i.e.
Hatshepsut, and heir to the throne of the vast Egyptian kingdom. He was also
identical with Senmut, the universal genius, a person, who is well documented by
ancient Egyptian sources. And he was born on Tuesday, February 8, 1534 B.C. (!)
In short, this is what
OvS states in his two books with the common headline "Assassinating Moses".
Three additional books, also about Moses, are planned to be published within the
next couple of years (all published 1999-2005, ed. note). In other words,
something like a modern version of the five Books of Pentateuch.
An outsider's decision on
the above, mutually incompatible research results may be difficult. Then, how
can the learned people be so disagreeing? Is Moses a literary fiction or an
Egyptian crown prince of the 16th-15th century B.C.?
What at all makes it
defendable to spend time on OvS's highly spectacular statements is the fact,
that nobody in Denmark either in history or at present has ever studied Moses,
the phenomenon, as thoroughly as OvS. Also internationally, one has to look for
a long time - a very long time - to find a researcher, who has written five
books on Moses. More than anything, OvS deserves, thus, a lot of attention due
to the voluminous scope of his research.
In "The Suppressed
Record", his first of these books, OvS starts out relevantly by explaining, why
parts of modern research understand Moses as a mythical, traditional figure. He
believes to be able to blame it on Karl Lepsius, the German Researcher, who
approx. 150 years ago (1840ties) maintained that Moses and Ramses II were
contemporaries in 1500. Later, however, Ramses II was proved to have been dated
approx. 300 years too early. Nevertheless, the comprehension had been
established that Moses had been living at the same time as Ramses II. So when
the Egyptian Pharaoh was removed up till 1200 in the historical chronology,
Moses was automatically and uncritically removed as well.
This was to prove fatal.
When research began seeking for Moses in that era - in reports from his times,
or in archaeological excavations, and by ancient writers - Moses could not be
found. The conclusion made by part of present researchers was obvious: Moses has
According to OvS, he has
been looked for in the wrong century. Very untraditionally, OvS points to Isaac
Abrabanel (1437-1508), the Spanish Rabbi, who reports an old Jewish tradition
about an astronomical event, a very rare grand conjunction in a certain aerea in
the sky in 1537 B.C., a gathering of celestial bodies, understood as an
astrological omen three years prior to the birth of Moses.
This isolated tradition
is not sensational, but it becomes so, when compared with modern,
computer-based, astronomical dating, today considered the most reliable method
of dating at all, thus also more reliable than C-14. Based on modern computation
it appears that the said grand conjunction actually happened at a certain new
moon in February/March 1537 B.C.
And it is even to become
more interesting. Based on the Hebrew, biblical description of Moses as "the son
of pharaoh's daughter", OvS includes also rabbinical, Egyptian, Jewish, Greek,
and Latin writers' information on Moses, and he makes geographical-historical
reconstructions as well as linguistic and religion-phenomenology analyses. These
he compares with Egyptian inscriptions of 1500-1400.
As being pulled towards a
black hole in the Universe, the widespread information gravitates towards the
well-documented crownprincess Hatshepsut, who probably lived in the second part
of 1500 and the beginning of 1400. She was the woman who on February 8, 1534
B.C. gave birth to a son, a situation that OvS establishes based on an ocean of
indications. Because of his richly facetted abilities and great enterprises this
son achieved a brilliant fame and appeared as the heir to the throne. At the age
of 40, however, he is becoming the victim of a ritual of fake execution and is
being exiled from the court as a result of fights for power, and this demolishes
his name. And by this he disappears from official history writing.
Hatshepsut's son, the son
of pharaoh's daughter, was Moses himself - according to OvS. Of course the
question is if OvS convincingly is able to make probable his spectacular thesis.
In "The Enigmatic Son of
Pharaoh's Daughter", OvS's second book of this series, he elaborates on his
argumentation. With the accuracy of a treatise he chooses to focus on one single
fact, i.e. Senmut, the Minister and Vizier of Hatshepsut.
This man was unusual in
every way. According to Egyptian sources, he is described as an outstanding
architect and innovating builder, a successful head of the army - and foreign
minister, finance minister, vizier, governor, Hatshepsut's deputy, etc, etc. And
he was also famous for his great wisdom and initiation in esoteric matters. He
possessed 20 of the most superior positions and bore more than 80 titles. In
many matters he was very close to Hatshepsut. Senmut also had a mausoleum built,
in which he installed a star map, moreover it is the hitherto oldest documented
star map. On this is found a very rare grand conjunction, which has only taken
place four times between 2200 B.C. and 200 A.D. - and among these: in 1534 B.C.
With detailed reference
to the Rabbinical Writings and ancient writers, OvS points to many direct or
indirect similarities between Senmut - and Moses. For instance also that Senmut
in 1494-1493 at the age of 40 years, suddenly had to escape from Egypt in
dramatic circumstances, after which all traces of him disappear in Egyptian
The conclusion by itself
forces this appearance: Senmut was Moses. According to OvS it is unlikely that
the many specific similarities should not point to one and same person. Such
similarities cannot be found in any other circumstances in other periods of
ancient history of the Middle East.
Due to lack of necessary
special scientific insight in the various circumstances included by OvS in his
monumental synthesis, the writer of this article must emphasize of not being in
a position to make an actual evaluation. However, what makes OvS's research
interesting is his talent for finding new ways, focusing right new light on old
circumstances/conditions, all in a time now often claiming - with unbecoming
arrogance - to possess the firm answers. And by and large, nothing that happened
3-4000 years ago can we designate as being definitely sure of. This, of course,
applies too for the OvS reconstructions.
There is hardly any doubt
that the Moses-image presented by the modern research has to be re-considered
after OvS's books. It is much too vulgarized. It is based on a non-selection of
a huge number of ancient information on Moses, or it is simply unfortunate lack
The reason for this has often been the argument that ancient Jewish, Greek, and
Latin writers' information on Moses are "legend based" and being from a era,
which in any case is long time after that Moses perhaps, perhaps not, has
existed. And this has been found "satisfactory" - which of course is also the
But, as OvS so
convincingly says, You don't escape it that easy. It IS striking that ancient
literature has immense sources about Moses - often fitting like a glove
concerning the conditions in Egypt in 1500-1400. It IS striking that today's
astronomical dating confirms old traditions, even disturbingly precisely. It IS
striking that no researchers have previously been attentive about these
circumstances, which obviously deserves the attention of the broad public.
Has modern research only
for too long been sleeping the magic sleep? Do we have to re-evaluate
dramatically our image of Moses and of sources, which for a long time have been
ignored or neglected? The writer of this article is not going to participate in
the conclusion. Truly, OvS dares one eye - the way a real researcher is supposed
to do - unless he will be satisfied with being an bookkeeper. Also the research
of OvS is based on a lot of uncertainties, not always on thoroughly documented
statements, or on comparisons of fields of knowledge, separated today, which no
modern researcher can comprehend in the light of the widespread specialising and
hyper-specialising. Neither can OvS.
A stated fact, however,
is that OvS has thrown down an impressive, inter-disciplinary gauntlet,
impossible to disregard. A gauntlet that the specialist researcher, the
Egyptologist, the philologist, the researcher of the Old Testament, the religion
historian, the Judaist, the astronomer, etc, ought to pick up and give an
unprejudiced, specialist analysis.
It is well deserved.
Jens-André P. Herbener, M.A. in Comparative Religion and Semitic
Philology. - Oriental and Judaist Department, The Royal National Library of
Denmark; - he is the Project leader of the new scholarly
translation into Danish of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament)
Library Lecturers' Reviews, Danish Register
of Books, no.03, p.18, 15 January 2001 - Review:
Providing Us with New Information
By HANS MICHELSEN, Library Lecturer and Reviewer
In his first book about Moses the writer argued that Moses was the son of Pharaoh's
Daughter (a historical, well-documented title), and this new book sheds new
light on new
sides of Moses' dramatic role in Egypt and the Hebrew's history.
Tuthmosis I created the
new Greater Egypt, and Moses was brought up to later be pharaoh. In a coup Moses
was removed as heir of the throne - hereafter he unsuccessfully tried to regain the
throne - and eventually leading to the Hebrew immigrants to seek new country.
The priesthood "removed" him as heir of the throne, his name disappeared from the records,
statues, etc., he was made a scapegoat, and in the end a mock
execution of him was carried through.
The biblical Moses
is compared all the way through with the descriptions provided by all other
ancient writings, and by
using a very broad research the author has managed to highlight new information about
the historical Moses. For instance, he uses the data from the world's oldest star
map (which is
The author presents many clues, but more concrete evidence is still missing, and although it
is his intention that the book should be read without any other condition than
the mere interest, the number of detail and evidence is sometimes great that it
can be difficult to keep the comprehensive view.
Spaeth, Ove von: "The Enigma of the Son of the Pharaoh's
Daughter: - Moses' Identity
and Mystery Reviewed". - C.A. Reitzel publishers, 2000 - 239 pages. - (Assassinating Moses;
2). - Library classification 91.21.
New Books, The Stjernerne (46th
edition, No 3, pages 50-51) of 21st June, 2001 - review:
An Important Book!
By CHRISTIAN BORUP, Editor
This book is important! It is the volume two of Ove von Spaeth's five volume
(life) work about Moses. As early as in the late 1970's and the early 1980's
readers were able to get acquainted with Ove von Spaeth's epoch-making research
(via a considerable collection of articles), which has now resulted in the
publishing of the second volume of the series "Assassinating Moses".
This is an exciting,
provocative, and also incredibly well documented book trying to
identify the identity and life of the true Moses through a
considerable number of demonstrations. According to Ove von Spaeth's scientific research it is possible to prove that Moses
was the son of the Egyptian princess (and later pharaoh),
Hatshepsut - and therefore identical with Senmut, the Learned in
astronomy and Egyptian Architect. In the book the life of Moses
is described in details - almost like a reconstructed historic
biography based on well documented and exploring research.
By itself the description
of the life of Moses and his importance for his time in Egyptian
history is an exciting, scientific crime story. All known
ingredients are present: secret children and marriages, fights
for power, intrigues, assassinations, coups, and a secret
What is especially
interesting to astronomy/astrology fans is the way in which Ove
von Spaeth is using the astronomy/astrology for time
determination of the oldest existing Egyptian star map. It
contributes to that result that Moses was born much earlier than
assumed so far.
In appendix 2 of the book
you can read one of Ove von Spaeth's scientific articles
published in the highly estimated magazine, the "Centaurus
International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science,
and Technology" (Vol. 42/III, 2000). His paper in question
describes in details how Senmut's star map was astronomically
dated. Ove von Spaeth's statistical and astronomical arguments
for dating the star map's depiction to the year 1534 B.C. is intriguing astronomic reading, and apparently the arguments are
This very star map is
among the material for determination of the merging of time of
Moses and Senmut explaining the years of the lives of
Moses/Senmut not available from the usual sources, and thanks to
the cogent academic argumentation in favour of the theories of
the book, entirely new and provocative ideas of ancient Egypt
are brought about. As far as my information goes this book of
the series - and the one preceding it - have caused a lot of
turmoil within scientific circles.
Previously Ove von Spaeth
has caught attention in scientific circles as a learned in
astronomy/astrology, e.g. in Peter Zeeberg's "Tycho Brahes Urania Titani - Et digt om Sophie Brahe ("The Urania Titani of
Tycho Brahe - A Poem about Sophie Brahe"), Museum Tusculanum
Publishers, from which the symbolic language of the poetry of
Tycho Brahe made him able to determine the horoscopes of Sophie
Brahe and Erik Lange. And "The Enigmatic Son of Pharaoh's
Daughter" establishes the success of Ove von Spaeth.
In this kind of review it
is impossible to dig deep into all the academic questions no
doubt being caused by this book, and I am not in a position professionally to evaluate the conclusions about ancient Egypt,
but convincingly Ove von Spaeth's arguments and research are
impeccable. The very comprehensive biography amounts to 40
pages! And the very fact that the first volume of the book
created so much turmoil vouches for the quality of this
important work. This book is hereby warmly recommended to
The book is an exciting
historical Egyptology crime story, and also a serious,
scientific treatise with a rare depth and numerous interesting
references to sources. At first I read the book as a crime novel
about the search for the true identity of Moses, and that was an
This book has aroused my
interest in a closer and deeper knowledge of this period of
time. As a crime novel the book is easy to read, and after the
reading the inclination is to start all over again and study the
book as a scientific treatise, which is equally exciting. See
more at the homepage:
Ove von Spaeth: "The Enigmatic Son of Pharaoh's
Daughter". - Assassinating Moses, 2, C.A. Reitzel Publisher,
2000, 239 pages, illustrated, DKK 248.
(With written permission
of 18th July, 2001, from Christian Borup for free use by
Publishers who want to publish
editions of these books in English, German, Spanish,
French, Japanese and other languages may use this address:
A special treasure of knowledge and wisdom
of Greece, Rome, and the Renaissance had originated in Ancient Egypt -
and was here known to connect also with the historical Moses' dramatic
fate and mystery.
Ove von Spaeth has
written an intriguing, new-orientating work presenting this still
influential background of our civilization. • His interdisciplinary
research on history, archaeology, and anthropology goes deeply into
Egyptian tradition, history of religion, initiation cults, star-knowledge,
and mythology - relating to biblical studies, the Rabbinical Writings,
and the authors of Antiquity. • Each volume offers unique insights not
Special information is
presented by clicking on the individual cover illustrations: